Centre of trade between Orient and Occident.
It was the year 1487, when the market in Bolzano, the main transit point for goods from Italy and the Orient was moved from Bolzano to Mittenwald. A warlike dispute between the Republic of Venice and Archduke Sigmund of Tyrol were the reason for the change of location. After the fall of Constantinople and with the Venetians being at the height of their economic prosperity they had chosen Bolzano to be their main centre of trade.
Due to several raids by the highly indebted Archduke a tense relationship between the two merchant cities of Bolzano and Venice arose within a short period of time. The Venetian merchants therefore sought a safer trade centre for their goods. The choice fell on Mittenwald, making it the first market on German soil north of the Tyrolean border. The transportation system by water and land was extremely well organised and efficient. Thus, Mittenwald became the main trade centre for goods and wares from the Levant region and the cities in the north. It soon gained international recognition. The trade flourished in Mittenwald for nearly 200 years and brought wealth and prosperity to the town.
In 2017 Mittenwald celebrates the 530th anniversary of the Bolzano market with opening ceremony on the 4rd of August 2017. During the week of festivities from the 5th until the 13th of August 2017 history will come alive. Market stalls, wine taverns, craftsmen and jugglers, merchants and noblemen, theatre productions and musical performances will create the perfect ambiance.